Purpose: To investigate the efficacy of myopia control defined by axial elongation and safety of orthokeratology lenses (OKL) in a Scandinavian (Danish) population.
Methods: Sixty Danish children aged 6-12 years with myopia ranging from 0.5 to 4.75 dioptres (D) spherical component and refractive astigmatism ≤2.5 D in both eyes were randomly assigned to either OKL or single-vision spectacles (SVS). Study duration was 18 months. Outcome measures were axial length (AL) measured with Lenstar LS900 (Haag-Streit, Koeniz, Switzerland) and adverse events graded with Efron Grading Scale for Contact Lens Complications.
Results: Nineteen participants completed the 18-month follow-up in the OKL group and 28 in the SVS group. The average AL elongation in the OKL group was 0.24 mm smaller as compared to the SVS group (95% confidence interval 0.12-0.36, mixed model adjusted for baseline sex, age and AL). There were no fast progressors (>0.75 D/year) in the OKL group during the follow-up period in contrast to 22% in the SVS group. No treatment-requiring or vision-threatening adverse events were observed.
Conclusion: Orthokeratology lenses reduced AL elongation in myopic Scandinavian children by 59%, with no treatment-requiring or vision-threatening adverse events. The results align with outcomes of previous clinical trials.
Jakobsen TM, Møller F. Control of myopia using orthokeratology lenses in Scandinavian children aged 6 to 12 years. Eighteen-month data from the Danish Randomized Study: Clinical study Of Near-sightedness; Treatment with Orthokeratology Lenses (CONTROL study). Acta Ophthalmol. 2021 Jul 7.